J Pediatr. 1978 Jul;93(1):23-7.
Incompetent lower esophageal sphincter and gastroesophageal reflux in recurrent acute pulmonary disease of infancy and childhood.
Christie DL, O’Grady LR, Mack DV.
Fifteen patients with recurrent acute respiratory symptoms were evaluated for gastroesophageal reflux. All 15 had barium esophagrams. Ten of 15 had acid reflux tests performed and lower esophageal sphincter pressures measured. The data were compared to those in 23 patients with no acid reflux and 23 patients with positive acid reflux but no respiratory symptoms. Ten of ten patients with respiratory symptoms who were evaluated by the acid reflux test had positive results. The remaining five demonstrated GER by barium esophagram. LES pressure measurements in the ten patients were 11.3 +/- 1.5 mm Hg, which was significantly lower than the pressures in the acid reflux-negative group (20.3 +/- 1.3 mm Hg, P less than 0.001) but not different than in the patients with GER but no respiratory symptoms (13.9 +/- 1.5 mm Hg, P greater than 0.05). GER secondary to an incompetent lower esophageal sphincter may be one cause of recurrent acute respiratory disease in infants and children.
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