Pediatric Update: 2012: Epilepsy and celiac disease

Increased risk of epilepsy in biopsy-verified celiac disease: A population-based cohort study.

Widodo Judarwanto. Children Allergy Online Clinic, Jakarta Indonesia

Ludvigsson JF, et al.

Neurology. 2012 Apr 18.

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Celiac disease (CD) is associated with several neurologic disorders but it is unclear whether CD is associated with epilepsy. We therefore investigated whether biopsy-verified CD is associated with epilepsy.

METHODS: Cohort study. Using biopsy report data from all Swedish pathology departments (n = 28), we identified individuals with CD who were diagnosed from 1969 to 2008 (Marsh 3: villous atrophy). Through Cox regression, we calculated hazard ratios (HRs) for epilepsy (defined as a diagnosis of epilepsy in the Swedish National Patient Register) in 28,885 individuals with CD and 143,166 controls matched for age, sex, calendar period, and county.

RESULTS: Individuals with CD were at an increased risk of future epilepsy (HR = 1.42; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.24-1.62) (272 individuals with CD had a diagnosis of epilepsy vs an expected 192). The absolute risk of future epilepsy in patients with CD was 92/100,000 person-years (excess risk = 27/100,000 person-years). This risk increase was seen in all ages, including children with CD. The HR for having at least 2 interactions with health care due to epilepsy was 1.41 (95% CI = 1.19-1.66). When we restricted epilepsy to those with both a diagnosis of epilepsy and an independent record of antiepileptic drug prescriptions, CD was associated with a 1.43-fold increased risk of epilepsy (95% CI = 1.10-1.86).

CONCLUSION: Individuals with CD seem to be at a moderately increased risk of epilepsy.

Source: Source: From the Department of Pediatrics (J.F.L.), Örebro University Hospital, Örebro; Clinical Epidemiology Unit (J.F.L., A.E.), Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine (F.Z.), Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy; Department of Clinical Neuroscience (T.T.), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; and Department of Gastroenterology (C.C.), University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy.

supported by

PICKY EATERS CLINIC Klinik Khusus Kesulitan Makan Pada Anak dan GROW UP CLINIC Klinik Khusus Gangguan Pertumbuhan Berat Badan Anak Yudhasmara Foundation www.pickyeaterschild.wordpress.com/ email : judarwanto@gmail.com

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