Food Allergy Update 2012: Dietary therapy of pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis.

Comparative dietary therapy effectiveness in remission of pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis.

Widodo Judarwanto. Children Allergy Online Clinic, Jakarta Indonesia

AuthorsHenderson CJ, et al. Show all Journal
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Apr 25. [Epub ahead of print]

Affiliation
Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic, immune-mediated inflammatory disorder that responds to dietary therapy; however, data evaluating the effectiveness of dietary therapeutic strategies are limited.

OBJECTIVE: This study compared the effectiveness of 3 frequently prescribed dietary therapies (elemental, 6-food elimination, and skin prick and atopy patch-directed elimination diets) and assessed the remission predictability of skin tests and their utility in directing dietary planning.

METHODS: A retrospective cohort of proton-pump inhibitor-unresponsive, non-glucocorticoid-treated patients with eosinophilic esophagitis who had 2 consecutive endoscopic biopsy specimens associated with dietary intervention was identified. Biopsy histology and remissions (<15 eosinophils/high-power field) after dietary therapy and food reintroductions were evaluated.

RESULTS: Ninety-eight of 513 patients met the eligibility criteria. Of these 98 patients, 50% (n = 49), 27% (n = 26), and 23% (n = 23) received elemental, 6-food elimination, and directed diets, respectively. Remission occurred in 96%, 81%, and 65% of patients on elemental, 6-food elimination, and directed diets, respectively. The odds of postdiet remission versus nonremission were 5.6-fold higher (P = .05) on elemental versus 6-food elimination diets and 12.5-fold higher (P = .003) on elemental versus directed diets and were not significantly different (P = .22) on 6-food elimination versus directed diets. After 116 single-food reintroductions, the negative predictive value of skin testing for remission was 40% to 67% (milk, 40%; egg, 56%; soy, 64%; and wheat, 67%).

CONCLUSION: All 3 dietary therapies are effective; however, an elemental diet is superior at inducing histologic remission compared with 6-food elimination and skin test-directed diets. Notably, an empiric 6-food elimination diet is as effective as a skin test-directed diet. The negative predictive values of foods most commonly reintroduced in single-food challenges are not sufficient to support the development of dietary advancement plans solely based on skin test results.

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CHILDREN ALLERGY CLINIC ONLINE

Yudhasmara Foundation htpp://www.allergyclinic.wordpress.com/

WORKING TOGETHER FOR STRONGER, SMARTER AND HEALTHIER CHILDREN BY EDUCATION, CLINICAL INTERVENTION, RESEARCH AND INFORMATION NETWORKING. Advancing of the future pediatric and future parenting to optimalized physical, mental and social health and well being for fetal, newborn, infant, children, adolescents and young adult

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PROFESSIONAL CLINIC “CHILDREN GRoW UP CLINIC”

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  • Fisioterapis

Clinical and Editor in Chief :

Dr Widodo Judarwanto, pediatrician email : judarwanto@gmail.com, Curiculum Vitae

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