Abstract Update: Spontaneous gastric perforation, right iliac fossa pain and anrexia

Spontaneous gastric perforation in an 11-year-old boy with anorexia nervosa: rare presentation with right iliac fossa pain.

Hashmi KS, et al.

BMJ Case Rep. 2012 Sep 7;2012. pii: bcr-2012-006512.

Abstract
Spontaneous gastric perforation is rare in children. It is usually associated with prematurity, foreign bodies and trauma. Anorexia nervosa (AN) can be an underlying condition although no cases are reported in the literature. We are reporting a rare case of 1- year-old boy with AN who presented with right iliac fossa (RIF) pain mimicking acute appendicitis. Intraoperative findings proved a gastric perforation. Pathophysiology of this condition in AN is poorly understood. Gastric smooth muscle atrophy and ischaemia can be the possible underlying mechanisms. The case discussed here highlights the fact that any abdominal pain in patients with underlying eating disorders (EDs) should raise suspicion of perforation as diagnosis can be far more complicated.

Source: Department of General Surgery, Royal Glamorgan Hospital, Pontyclun, UK.

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