Feeding related psychosocial milestones

Feeding related psychosocial milestones

Stage Psychosocial milestones
Source: Adapted from Chatoor et al.11
Birth to 3 months Cues for feeding: arousal, cry, rooting, sucking
(homeostasis) Caregiver responds to cues (leads to self-regulation) Infant quiets to voice Hunger–satiety pattern develops Infant smile promotes interaction with primary caregiver Pleasurable feeding experiences right arrow greater environmental interaction
3 to 6 months (attachment) Primary interactions—”falling in love” up arrow Reciprocity of positive infant and caregiver interactions Consistent cues Anticipation of feeding Pauses likely socialization, not necessarily for burping or to indicate satiety Smiling, laughing, social, alert Preferred feeders are parents Calls for attention by 6 months
6 to 36 months (Separation/individuation) Responds to “no” Imitates movements, and gradually imitation of speech Play activity to explore environment (7–9 months) Facial expression used to indicate likes and dislikes Follows simple directions Self-feeding emerges Mealtimes become more predictable Speech becomes important Direction following—gradually 2–3 step commands Mealtimes become part of whole family schedule Rapid increase in language 24–36 months Independent feeding by end of period

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