Kenali Tanda dan Gejala Pada Tubuh Akibat Kekurangan Vitamin

Vitamin adalah sekelompok senyawa organik amina berbobot molekul kecil yang memiliki fungsi vital dalam metabolisme setiap organisme,yang tidak dapat dihasilkan oleh tubuh. Dipandang dari sisi enzimologi (ilmu tentang enzim), vitamin adalah kofaktor dalam reaksi kimia yang dikatalisasi oleh enzim. Pada dasarnya, senyawa vitamin ini digunakan tubuh untuk dapat bertumbuh dan berkembang secara normal.

Terdapat 13 jenis vitamin yang dibutuhkan oleh tubuh untuk dapat bertumbuh dan berkembang dengan baik. Vitamin tersebut antara lain vitamin A, C, D, E, K, dan B (tiamin, riboflavin, niasin, asam pantotenat, biotin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, dan folat).Walau memiliki peranan yang sangat penting, tubuh hanya dapat memproduksi vitamin D dan vitamin K dalam bentuk provitamin yang tidak aktif. Oleh karena itu, tubuh memerlukan asupan vitamin yang berasal dari makanan yang kita konsumsi. Buah-buahan dan sayuran terkenal memiliki kandungan vitamin yang tinggi dan hal tersebut sangatlah baik untuk tubuh. Asupan vitamin lain dapat diperoleh melalui suplemen makanan.

Vitamin memiliki peranan spesifik di dalam tubuh dan dapat pula memberikan manfaat kesehatan. Bila kadar senyawa ini tidak mencukupi, tubuh dapat mengalami suatu penyakit.Tubuh hanya memerlukan vitamin dalam jumlah sedikit, tetapi jika kebutuhan ini diabaikan maka metabolisme di dalam tubuh kita akan terganggu karena fungsinya tidak dapat digantikan oleh senyawa lain.Gangguan kesehatan ini dikenal dengan istilah avitaminosis.Contohnya adalah bila kita kekurangan vitamin A maka kita akan mengalami kerabunan. Di samping itu, asupan vitamin juga tidak boleh berlebihan karena dapat menyebabkan gangguan metabolisme pada tubuh.

Tanda dan Gejala Pada Mata

Tanda dan gejala
Kekurangan Vitamin-Penyebab
Bitot’s spots – foamy patches on conjunctiva vitamin A
Bloodshot eyes boric acid for fungus infection, blue light
Mata kabur vitamins B2, B6, pantothenic acid
Bulging eyes vitamin E, nicotinamide, iodine
katarak (lens becomes opaque) vitamins B2, C, E, antioxidants (avoid lactose)
Color-blindness vitamin A
konjunctivitis vitamins A, B2, C (B6, zinc)
Cross-eyes vitamins E, C, B1, (allergy testing)
Dark spots in front of the eyes vitamins B6, C, zinc (liver problems)
Dim vision (amblyopia) vitamins B1, B2, C, B12 (allergy testing)
Dry, hard eyeballs (xerophthalmia) vitamin A
Farsightedness (hyperopia) magnesium, potassium, MSM
Glaukoma magnesium, vitamin C (B2, B1,salt)
Hemorrhaging in the back of the eye (retinitis) vitamin B6, zinc, bioflavonoids (also magnesium, vitamins C, B2, B12, E, pantothenate)
Infeksi mata, ulcerating eyes (keratomalacia) vitamin A (vitamins C, B2, B6, zinc, blue light, boric acid)
Itching, burning, watery, sandy eyes vitamin B2
Macular degeneration vitamins A, B2, B6, magnesium, zinc, antioxidants, bioflavonoids, esp. lutein & zeaxanthin, ginkgo biloba, bilberry, eyebright, MSM, EFA
Near-sightedness (myopia) chromium, vitamins C, E, D, calcium (proteins, avoid sugars)
Night blindness (nyctalopia) vitamins A, (B2, B6, zinc)
Red blood vessels in the sclera vitamin B2
Retinal detachment zinc, vitamins B6, B2, C, E, A
Sensitive eyes, fear of strong light (photophobia) vitamins B2, A
Tics of eyelids magnesium, vitamins B2, B6, zinc

Gejala Pada Kulit

Tanda Gejala
Kekurangan / Penyebab
Jerawat, Acne vitamins A, E, B2, B6, C, niacin, biotin, zinc, EFA*, lecithin, MSM, retinoic acid topically (minimize sweet food & fats)
Addison’s disease – adrenal exhaustion: increased tanning, especially on skin-folds, scars, elbows, knees; black freckles all B vitamins, especially pantothenic acid; vitamin C; all minerals, digestive enzymes, allergy testing, avoid sweet food
Arterial spiders (fine branching arteries on face, neck, chest) antioxidants, bioflavonoids, glucosamine, cartilage, calcium
Bedsores vitamins C, E
Blisters vitamin E
Brown discoloration around small joints vitamin B12
Brown skin spots antioxidants (weak liver)
Dry skin vitamins A, C, EFA
Eczema, skin ulcers vitamin C, B2, B6, zinc, magnesium, EFA, allergy test, cleanse
Eczema, infantile EPA, zinc, vitamin B6
Edema vitamin B6, zinc (also vitamin C, magnesium, avoid salt)
Fingers white, numb, stiff, swellings (Raynaud’s disease) vitamins B6, B1, antioxidants, niacin, magnesium/calcium, EFA
Fungus infections (e.g. athlete’s foot, ringworm) B vitamins, (external tea tree oil, intestinal sanitation)
Gangrene vitamins C, E, B1 , magnesium chloride, (urine packs)
Greasy dermatitis around eyes, nose vitamin B6, zinc
Greasy skin eruptions (seborrhea) vitamin B2
Horny red skin on pressure areas (e.g. knees, elbows) zinc (vitamin B6)
Hot flushes vitamin E, boron, magnesium, calcium (Wild Yam cream)
Ichthyosis (fish-like scales) vitamin A, retinoic acid topically, MSM
Infant dermatitis with inflamed pustules around body openings vitamin B6, zinc
Infections of the skin (boils, cold sores, impetigo, and so on) vitamins C, A, B6, zinc, magnesium chloride (hot Epsom-salt packs, tea tree oil or propolis rubs)
Itching vitamins B, C, EFA, alkalizer, bicarbonate rubs, (allergy tests)
Jaundice vitamins C, E, A, B12, B6, lecithin, magnesium, zinc (blue light therapy, treat gall bladder & liver)
Keratosis, horny, goose-pimple-like skin vitamin A internally & externally
Lemon-yellow skin vitamin B12
Oily skin, white-heads vitamin B2
Over-sensitivity to sunlight vitamin B6, zinc, PABA, beta-carotene, antioxidants, bioflavonoids, alkalizers
Pale skin biotin, folic acid, vitamin B6, , iron (anemia)
Prickly-heat rash vitamin C
Psoriasis as for acne; blue light, sunlight; avoid gluten
Purplish or blue-black skin areas vitamin C, B2, bioflavonoids
Rash allergy test, alkalizers, vitamin C, calcium
Red-brown, often symmetrical discoloration of skin exposed to the sun, later ulceration niacin or nicotinamide (folic acid)
Red-brown or dark-red spots manganese
Rosacea (redness of part of face) vitamin B2
Scaly dermatitis biotin
Scaly eczema around nose, ears, scrotum, vulva vitamin B2
Scar tissue vitamin E, MSM externally & internally, camphorated oil rub
Scleroderma (hardening and swelling of skin) vitamin E, C, A, PABA, MSM, magnesium chloride (zapper, pulser and parasite therapy, tea tree oil packs)
Sensitivity to insect bites vitamin C, B1, calcium, alkalizers, bicarbonate rub/bath
Shingles vitamins B12, C, A, B, E, zinc, lysine, zinc oxide lotion, zapper
Skin cancer vitamins A, B6, PABA, antioxidants, bioflavonoids, carotenes, chlorophyll, propolis, zinc (blue light, escharotics)
Skin-folds red, infected niacin
Stretch-marks vitamins E, B6, zinc
Subcutaneous bleeding (red or purplish spots under the skin, bruises easily) vitamin C, bioflavonoids and rutin, grape seed extract, glucosamine, alkalizer
Swellings (for example, face) zinc, magnesium, vitamins B6, B12
Vaginal itching vitamins B2, E, C (avoid synthetic underwear, treat Candida)
Warts, moles vitamins C, A, E
Weals on the skin (urticaria) vitamin B6, zinc, vitamin C, (alkalizer, allergy test)
White skin patches (vitiligo) PABA, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, zinc
Wrinkles or aging skin vitamins C, E, A, EFA, bioflavonoids (too much sun)

Gejala Pada Rambut dan Kuku

Gejala Kekurangan / Penyebab
Coarse, brittle hair zinc
Dandruff vitamins B2, B6, zinc, magnesium, biotin
Dry hair vitamin A, zinc
Graying hair folic acid, pantothenic acid, PABA, biotin, minerals (weak adrenals, avoid sweet food)
Hangnails vitamin C, folic acid, proteins
Hair loss copper/lead contamination: use zinc, vitamin B6, sulfur (MSM), selenium, biotin
Nails opaque, white spots/bands zinc, vitamin B6
Oily hair vitamin B2
Peeling nails vitamins A, C, calcium
Ridges on nails, longitudinal vitamin A, protein, calcium (anemia, poor circulation, thyroid/parathyroid glands)
Ridges on nails, transverse fever, infection, inflammation, menstrual problems, period of protein deficiency
Scaling of cuticle or lips biotin

Gejala Pada Mulut dan lidah

Gejala Kekurangan / Penyebab
Beefy, enlarged tongue pantothenic acid
Burning, sore tongue vitamins B2, B6, B12, niacin
Cracked lips & corners of the mouth (cheilosis) vitamins B2, B6, folic acid
Distended, purplish-blue veins under the tongue vitamin B2 (circulation poor, congested)
Edema or tooth-marks on tongue niacin/nicotinamide
Furrowed tongue vitamin B1, pantothenic acid
Gums receding, bleeding (gingivitis) vitamin C, bioflavonoids, calcium, alkalizers
Halitosis (bad breath) vitamin B6, zinc, magnesium, propolis, chlorophyll (cleansing, intestinal sanitation)
Mouth ulcers, canker folic acid, vitamin B6, zinc (alkalize, allergy test)
Papillae prominent or erased niacin/nicotinamide
Purplish or magenta tongue or lips, also veins under the tongue vitamin B2
Tongue red at tip or edges; severe deficiency: whole tongue scarlet red, sore niacin (vitamin B6)
Tongue shiny, smooth, beefy; early sign: strawberry-red tip/sides vitamin B12, folic acid
Tongue too small or too large niacin, pantothenic acid
White-coated tongue intestinal putrefaction, cleansing
White patches on tongue vitamin B2 and other B vitamins (allergy)
Yellowish-brown-coated tongue liver or gall bladder problems

KESALAHAN UTAMA PARA ORANG TUA SAAT MENGKONSULTASIKAN ANAKNYA KE DOKTER ADALAH SELALU MENGATAKAN : “DOK, SAYA MINTA VITAMIN AGAR ANAK SAYA NAFSU MAKANNYA BAGUS” SEHARUSNYA SAAT KE DOKTER MENGATAKAN ” DOK, MENGAPA ANAK SAYA SULIT MAKAN ? DAN BAGAIMANA CARA PENANGANAN TERBAIK ?”

BERGANTI-GANTI VITAMIN ATAU PEMAKAIAN VITAMIN JANGKA PANJANG ADALAH BUKTI KEGAGALAN DALAM MENCARI PENYEBAB SULIT MAKAN PADA ANAK. KARENA BEGITU VITAMIN DIHENTIKAN MAKA ANAK SULIT MAKAN LAGI, BAHKAN KADANG DIBERI VITAMIN APAPUN ATAU BERGANTI-GANTI VITAMIN TETAP SAJA MAKAN SULIT.

PENANGANAN TERBAIK ADALAH HARUS DICARI PENYEBABNYA DAN TANGANI SEGERA DENGAN BIJAK. GANGGUAN FUNGSI SALURAN CERNA PENYEBAB TERSERING. BILA TERDAPAT GANGGUAN SALURAN CERNA SEBAGAI PENYEBAB TERSERING HARUS DICARI DAN DIIDENTIFIKASI MAKANAN PENYEBAB YANG MENGGANGGU SALURAN CERNA.

 

Pediatric Articles Dr Widodo Judarwanto (pediatrician)

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Curriculum Vitae Dr Widodo judarwanto, Pediatrician

We are guilty of many errors and many faults. But our worst crime is abandoning the children, neglecting the fountain of life.
Information on this web site is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use the information on this web site for diagnosing or treating a medical or health condition. You should carefully read all product packaging. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider
 

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